Tip: To keep outdoor dust and particles away from the surface, applying polyurethane should take place in a well-ventilated room indoors, with an open window or fan to circulate fresh air. Minwax Paste Finishing Wax Function. Repeat as needed, applying 1 to 2 coats when using a brush and 2 to 3 coats when using spray. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer) as we strive to provide site experiences for browsers that support new web standards and security practices. Have a lot of polyurethane to apply? How to Stain Wood Evenly Without Getting Blotches and Dark Spots, We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer), 9 Ways to Keep Your Dog Active Inside During the Winter, How to Stain Unfinished Wood with Used Coffee Grounds, How to Match Wood Stain: Head to the Paint Store, Do Not Sell My Personal Information – CA Residents. After the first coat, I used 220 grit sandpaper to lightly sand the surface as recommended. Dampen a clean, cotton cloth with water and apply automotive rubbing compound to the surface in a circular motion. Do you have to sand between coats of polycrylic? When I stain wood, I lightly sand between coats because staining wood raised the grain. Then remove all the sanding dust and apply a second coat. Step 1: Sweep the floor and then damp-mop it with water and white vinegar (10:1 ratio) or go over it with a tack cloth. Wash the surface. Learning how to apply polyurethane to stained wood can enhance the appearance of the stain while protecting the surface from scratches and other imperfections. Stir to rotate the product from the bottom to the top of the can. Thin your oil-based polyurethane with two parts polyurethane and one part mineral spirits. If using oil-based, dampen with mineral spirits. They dry fast which means you have to apply them fast. You … Apply the First Coat Apply a very thin coat of polyurethane with a fine brush, foam pad, or cloth. After the third coat the finish will glide on very smoothly. Give the can a shake before getting started. Step 2: Use the 5″ to 3″ brush to apply polyurethane to wood flooring edges, and use the roller or pad to apply … Learn how to prep the wood surface and successfully apply a flawless finish with these detailed steps. Put a small amount of finish on the cloth and rub it over the wood. Now this many coats of satin finish can make the finish look very mirky. Polyurethane wood finish is used to coat surfaces, protecting them from scratches and helping to resist water damage. Overview. So it’s best to use clear gloss until the last couple of layers, then switch to … All Rights Reserved. Apply an even coat of stain to your workpiece, making long brushstrokes and overlapping the edges for full coverage. Most clear finishes are applied with a brush, working in the direction of the grain of the wood. Prepare the polyurethane by reducing it about 10 percent with mineral spirits, unless you're using water-based polyurethane, which doesn't need thinning. ", Step 5: See the best ways to use either method, below. Wipe contoured surfaces with a clean cloth, going with the grain. Learning how to apply polyurethane can give wood furniture and flooring a glossy, smooth finish while improving its durability. Applying Polyurethane to Hardwood Floors: Step by Step. Different formulations of polyurethane create different levels of luster or sheen, so choose based on your preference. Polyurethane Sheens Complete DIY projects like a pro! NEVER SHAKE. Products shown as available are normally stocked but inventory levels cannot be guaranteed, For screen reader problems with this website, please call 1-800-430-3376 or text 38698 (standard carrier rates apply to texts), Clear Dust From the Surface and the Space, Sand Uneven Spots and Apply the Next Coats, Step 1: Take the item you're finishing into a warmer area to apply the polyurethane, which you can do with … The idea here is a gentle flow of air in and then out. Stir the can thoroughly to evenly redistribute any color pigments that may have settled to the bottom. After the first coat has dried for 24 hours, remove small blemishes by wet-sanding with 400-grit sandpaper mounted to a sanding block. Apply Minwax® Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner to ensure an even stain color (see Wood Preparation for other tips). Start with 120-grit sandpaper on refinished pieces and 80-grit on new wood. After rubbing, let the surface dry and buff the finish with a clean, dry cloth. Apply the Polyurethane. 20 comments on “ My Five Worst Mistakes ” bob 02/06/2014 at 4:13 pm. As a last dusting step, wipe the surface down with a tack cloth. The initial coat should be dry within a couple of hours, and you can then apply a second coat. Stir Minwax® Fast-Drying Polyurethane before and during use to eliminate settling on the bottom of the can. Wipe off any excess stain. Wood finish applied smooth with Polyurethane (step by step) A fan placed near the workpiece is bad news and will only blow dust right on your project. I used 2 coats. Waxing for a Satin Finish Rub the wax in the same direction as the grain. Please call us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT (1-800-466-3337), Please enter in your email address in the following format: you@domain.com. Shaking can introduce air bubbles in the finish that could make an uneven coat. Always stir, rather than shake. Local store prices may vary from those displayed. A protective clear coat to protect from spills, scratches and dings! Yes and no. You’ll get the best results from your topcoat if you remove any old paint, varnish or other finishes before polyurethane application. By far the best way to apply polyurethane to a table is to spray it, but if you're sensitive to VOCs and committed to brushing, it's best to use a foam brush to minimize streaking. As seen above, applying more than one coat of varnish is important for getting the best polished and shining surface. We use an oil-based polyurethane finish in this story, though you can also use water-based urethane finishes with great results. In some cases, applying a coat of paste wax is the best way to hide scratches and worn spots on your floor, and it may extend the life of your somewhat worn polyurethane finish. Test any stain you are considering. Stir the can thoroughly. ", Step 6: Brush flat surfaces with a thin coat using a. Use Wipe-On Poly for Small or Tight Areas After the roll-on coats are dry, I use Minwax wipe on poly (use the same sheen you chose for the roll-on poly) for the face frames, legs, doors or any other narrow, small or intricate areas. Prepare raw wood by sanding it smooth, or previously stained wood by sanding it lightly to improve coverage. Follow directions for application and dry times. After it dries, sand lightly. Floor wax is softer than furniture wax, and it's identified as floor wax on the label. If a waxed floor speaks to you of rich luster, be sure to use a paste wax intended for floors, not furniture. After you open the can, use a stir stick to mix the polyurethane’s components evenly, which may have settled and separated over time. I do this after the large areas are dry so I don’t smudge adjacent areas. Finish your woodworking project or furniture refinishing job with an oil-based polyurethane varnish to bring out the wood’s natural beauty and grain. Once the surface is fully dry to the touch (at least 12 hours), cut any drips away with a razor blade. A single layer of wipe on poly is very thin, compared to poly you brush on. Be sure to catch any runs. We recommend our users to update the browser. If desired, apply Minwax ® Wood Finish ™ or Minwax ® Gel Stain to bare wood following all label directions. Tip: Before use, a can of polyurethane should be stirred, not shaken. Apply a THIN coat of Minwax® Fast-Drying Polyurethane using a high-quality natural or foam brush. Clean any tools, brushes, or other equipment you were using while thinning polyurethane or applying it to your project. Catch any drips, especially along the bottom edges. Work with the grain, and avoid applying too much polyurethane to avoid raising the grain. Tip: If sandpaper is inadequate to remove dried drips or other imperfections, shave them off with a razor. Wait 8 hours before applying Water Based Polyurethane over stain. Use of this site is subject to certain Terms Of Use. How to apply polyurethane to a desk or a table. This also helps clear the fumes of oil-based polyurethane. 24-48 hours after you apply the first coat, apply the second and final coat using the same procedure as the first. NEVER SHAKE. Polyurethane wood finish offers durability and water resistance, which makes it a popular alternative to more traditional coatings such as shellac or lacquer. Polyurethane is oil-based, so clean up requires chemicals, it takes longer to dry and it smells awful. Sand the Surface. Brush flat surfaces with a thin coat using a bristle brush . The basic application technique for water-based poly is similar to that for oil-based. Clear Dust From the Surface and the Space Spray less accessible areas with aerosol polyurethane. If you are a newbie to this type of method, Minwax Paste has the ability to revive what was once worn without the tedious effort of removing the polyurethane layer. Step 2. ". Wrap the sponge in a clean … Brush the sealer on with a natural-bristle brush using long, even strokes. Stir in such a manner as to rotate the product from the bottom to the top of the can. Hold the can 8-12 inches from the surface. Wipe the surface with a damp, lint-free cloth or sponge. It DOES yellow over time. Add a pea-sized amount of … It just helps it flow better. But the color and depth you get are no match for oil-based urethanes. Need Help? into the mixture and brush the wood with long, even strokes from end to end. Keep a wet edge by overlapping each pass until the surface is completely coated. Wipe contoured surfaces with a clean cloth, going with the grain. Overall, three coats are more than enough for varnishing exterior wood with Minwax Helmsman spar urethane varnish. So I like to apply 7 to 10 coats. After sanding, dust and vacuum the surface and room as thoroughly as possible. Wait at least 48 hours, then polish the finish using an automotive rubbing compound. Overlap your strokes to get a uniform coating. Applying polyurethane is simple but time-consuming, because each coat must dry completely before you can apply the next. Then, sand with 180-grit until you've removed all the marks left by the 120-grit and the surface appears level. Combines the durability and ambering of an oil with the fast drying time, low VOC content, and easy cleanup of a water-based product. How to Apply Minwax PolyShades Step 1. Sign up for our newsletter! Grease stains, dirt, dried mud, and any sort of other filth needs to be washed off … If you’re sensitive to fumes or can’t get good ventilation, it’s a good idea to wear a respirator with an organic cartridge. Brushing a rounded, contoured or vertical surface is more likely to create drips. For a smooth coating you’ll want the surface to be as smooth as possible, so prepare the wood by sanding it with a sanding block or. Watch this video for the fastest way to get it done: Have an exhaust fan facing out through a window to remove vapors and crack a window at the other end of the room to let fresh air in. Minwax® Water Based Oil-Modified Polyurethane GOOD FOR: Doors, cabinets, furniture, and floors. Apply the first coat of polyurethane using the best technique for the surface. Just be sure you use a tack cloth to clean off dust that’s appropriate for water-based finishes, like a cheesecloth moistened with denatured alcohol. Some products are designed to brush on, while others are designed to wipe on. Brushing a rounded, contoured or vertical surface is more likely to create drips. ", Step 4: The two major types of polyurethane are oil-based and  water-based, each of which has different advantages. Keep Applying, 1 coat of wipe on poly is about 1/3 of brush on poly so get ready for a long process. So now you’re ready to apply the finish, and if you’re like I was, you’ll get the … Once the second coat is dry, shave off any bumps (per Step 5) and wet sand the surface (per Step 6). Minwax Paste Finishing Wax over polyurethane works great as it adds luster to it and a fine new look. Water based finishes can be a little tricky to apply. Step 3. For added durability, a third coat can be applied. Sand your project with progressively finer grits of sandpaper. If dust motes or other particles settle on wet polyurethane, they can create a rough surface, defeating the goal of a smooth topcoat. All in all, the basics of thinning polyurethane are fairly simple. Our latest shed is also a pavilion—and you can build it, too! ", Step 3: Wear protective equipment and only dilute as much as you need to in order to get the consistency you want. Expect shaking to create bubbles in the liquid, which may … Sometimes i like to put a drop or two of water in the small cup i use to dab my application cloth in. Use an aerosol clear protective finish, like Minwax® Fast-Drying Polyurethane. Oil-Based vs. Water-Based Polyurethane Once the wood is blemish-free, remove the dust. Apply a THIN coat of Minwax ® Fast-Drying Polyurethane using a high-quality natural or foam brush. Keep in mind that you should never sand after the last coat of … If you choose a water-based product, the process for achieving a smooth finish is basically the same. Apply a small amount of mineral spirits to a clean, soft finishing sponge. ", Step 2: Spread the varnish over the entire surface with long, even strokes. Got a small project that you want to finish quickly and easily? Apply the first coat of polyurethane using the best technique for the surface. After sanding the entire surface thoroughly, wipe off the dust and all loose sandpaper grit with a clean cloth. After the first coat has dried for 24 hours, sand again with 180 to 220 grit sandpaper to remove drips, bubbles and other uneven spots in the coat. Catch any drips with your brush and smooth them into the surface. If you’re going to apply water-based polyurethane, dampen the cloth with water. 5Apply the First Coat. Stir Minwax ® Water Based Polyurethane before and during use to eliminate settling on the bottom of the can. Most projects will be ready for normal use in 24 hours. Sand your project with progressively finer grits of sandpaper. Within 24 hours of applying the seal coat, brush on a coat of finish right from the can. Stir Minwax ® Fast-Drying Polyurethane before and during use to eliminate settling on the bottom of the can. Remove Old Finish and Sand Thoroughly Sanding smooths it out and allows you to get a buttery soft finish. Sand Uneven Spots and Apply the Next Coats When the surface feels smooth, wipe it with a moist cloth and then dry it with a clean, dust-free cloth. © 2000-2020 Home Depot Product Authority, LLC. Dip the sandpaper in water and use circular strokes to remove the blemishes and any dust bumps. Oil-based polyurethane products are available as well, but not as commonly sold on shelves. I used minwax quick drying polyurethane to topcoat a dining room table. Note: Paper with a … Stir the polyurethane. Open up the can and transfer a small amount into a plastic cup or old yogurt container. Load your brush by dipping it about 1 in. Fairly simple format: you @ domain.com on poly is about 1/3 of brush poly. Dried drips or other equipment you were using while thinning polyurethane are fairly simple drips away a. Using a brush and smooth them into the mixture and brush the wood dust right your! To evenly redistribute any color pigments that may have settled to the top of wood! 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