• "With the help of the Holy Spirit, it is the task of the entire People of God, especially pastors and theologians, to hear, distinguish and interpret the many voices of our age, and to judge them in the light of the divine word." Especially in theme 4 on the facing page, which contains we believe those sentences that have caused most concern among those of a conservative mindset, we have slightly retranslated a few phrases, usually making reference to the relevant Latin words. Yet "When God is forgotten the creature itself grows unintelligible" (36). Gaudium et Spes: Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World. Part 2 explores three methodological and anthropological shifts approved by a large majority at the council and thus promulgated as official Catholic perspectives. 9. • Chapter IV: "The Church proclaims the rights of man, she acknowledges and highly values the dynamic movements of today by which these rights are promoted everywhere. When “Gaudium et Spes” was promulgated, Cardinal Tagle said, many Catholics wondered why the church wanted to engage the world and whether the church had any business being concerned with political and economic issues and peacemaking. Dr Michael Nazir-Ali tells the story of Hagia Sophia and recent tragic events in Turkey. © Faith Movement 2020. They add up to a clear call for a new synthesis of Faith and Reason, in which the implications of modern science should play a significant role. Preface. So it is that "growing numbers of people are abandoning religion in practice; on every side they influence literature, the arts, the interpretation of the humanities and of history and civil laws themselves. Schema XIII (eventually Gaudium et Spes) occasioned somewhat of a split within the “progressive majority” at Vatican II. The Church's Role in Synthesising Modern Insights With Perennial Doctrine. 0000003816 00000 n 2. By: Pope Paul VI
2. The general review of the Constitution will place its economic teachings within the Church’s framework for . 0000039270 00000 n and then specifically of articles 67-72 will follow. 1458 31 I will return to my series on Vatican II and will have a new blog post on the Conciliar document Dignitatis Humanae by the end of the week. Pope Paul VI (Latin: Paulus PP. The first step in this pastoral approach was an extension of the Church’s open hand. 0000030733 00000 n (56). Gaudium et spes (Ecclesiastical Latin: [ˈɡau̯di.um et ˈspes], "Joy and Hope"), the Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World, was one of the four constitutions resulting from the Second Vatican Council in 1964. So Part I builds up a thread which would seem a rational development, yet involves some of its most controversial statements. While these developments have brought many people to God, others have left faith behind. All rights reserved. • "In her preaching [the Church] might spread and explain the message of Christ to all nations" (58), "as well as to the needs of the learned" (44). Free Will The dignity of the human person can be recognized in: Economic and Social Life (63-72)IV The Life of the Political Community (73-76)V The Fostering of Peace and the Promotion of a Community of Nations (77-93). The joys and the hopes, the griefs and the anxieties of the men of this age, especially those who are poor or in any way afflicted, these are the joys and hopes, the griefs and anxieties of the followers of Christ. Thus we can conclude that "there has arisen a new series of problems, a series as numerous as can be, calling for efforts of analysis and synthesis" (5). Gaudium et Spes, the Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World, is exceptional among Vatican II documents, not only for its great length (over 35,000 words), but also for its origin and genre. 0000000938 00000 n It is that, appropriately for the modern world: • "[The Church might] make God the Father and His Incarnate Son present and in a sense visible" (21). Gaudium et Spes, which was designed to address many issues of ethics and social justice. Mission Statement. For man it is impossible, but with God all things are possible. and then specifically of articles 67-72 will follow. We are entering "a new stage of history ... a true cultural and social transformation" (4) in which "the human race is passing from a rather static concept of the order of things to a more dynamic, evolutionary one" (5). It was the last and longest published document from the council and is the first constitution published by an ecumenical council to address the entire world. Preface (1-3) Addressed to all people expressing the Church’s desire to dialogue with the whole human family by using the common language of “personhood”. trailer • There is "a movement toward more mature and personal exercise of liberty" (6); "new social relationships between men and women" (8); a growing thirst for a "full and free life" (9).• "For the first time in human history all people who have [sibi habent] the benefits of culture are convinced that these benefits ought to be and actually can be extended to everyone. 0000005474 00000 n 0000010971 00000 n Gaudium et spes illumines how eschatology provides a focus for the Church's vocation within the world and in tension to it. 1. Schema XIII (eventually Gaudium et Spes) occasioned somewhat of a split within the “progressive majority” at Vatican II. • Chapter II: "As the firstborn of many brethren and by the giving of His Spirit, He founded after His death and resurrection a new brotherly community composed of all those who receive Him in faith and in love" (32). 1. • Chapter III: Christ "entered the world's history as a perfect man, taking that history up into Himself and summarising it"; this is shortly followed by a point fairly crucial for understanding the human predicament today, namely that "the effort to establish a universal brotherhood is not a hopeless one" (38). We should remember that all these contemporary tasks are the ones termed "normative for the 21st century" by Popes John Paul II and Benedict XVI. 1458 0 obj<> endobj 0000003368 00000 n Numbers in brackets are paragraph numbers. Religious Liberty; and the major purpose of Gaudium et Spes is to formulate official teaching about the relation between church and society. life issues.net: clear thinking about crucial issues. Acknowledgment of the Sincerity and Insight of Many Non-Catholics. In Part 1 of this article, published in our previous issue, Fr Holloway analysed and admired Pope St. John Paul’s landmark document on women Mulieris Dignitatem but identified the need for a fully developed theology of the sexes which he now presents. gaudium et spes: The positive direction that was intended for the doctrine of Gaudium et spes is appropriately captured in the opening prologue statements, which identify the Church with the “joys and sorrows” (McBrien, 2008, p. 195) of the modern world and profess to listen to the “signs of the times” (McBrien, 2008, p. 195). The human person is the “point of contact” between the concerns of the Church and those of … I. GAUDIUM ET SPES Gaudium et Spes was promulgated by the Second Vatican Council on December 7, 1965.i It is a restatement of the Church’s social doctrine in light of the contemporary world situation. Categories. In later, more practical parts of the document some key questions are articulated: • "How can we quickly and progressively harmonise the proliferation of particular branches of study with the necessity of forming a synthesis of them, and of preserving among men the faculties of contemplation and observation which lead to wisdom?" Gaudium et Spes. He labored with human hands, thought with a human mind, acted with a human will, and loved with a human heart.” %%EOF Gaudium et Spes, the Pastoral ... Bishop Wojtyla, the future Pope John Paul II, called for the inclusion of issues of poverty, ... as the document was an expression of pastoral concern for the world. Gaudium et Spes 22. GAUDIUM ET SPES PROMULGATED BY HIS HOLINESS, POPE PAUL VI ON DECEMBER 7, 1965. ... A married clergy does not alleviate all of these issues, as all of the pertinent evidence makes clear, and brings as well a new set of different, but related problems. • "Theologians ... are invited to seek continually for more suitable ways of communicating doctrine to the men of their times; for the deposit of Faith or the truths are one thing and the manner in which they are enunciated, in the same meaning and understanding, is another" (62). Gaudium et Spes – Vatican II’s Constitution on the Church in the Modern World. Before man "lies the path to freedom or to slavery" (9). Reading Gaudium et Spes, Part II December 16, 2020 David Cruz-Uribe Patheos Explore the world's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality! ... God, Who has fatherly concern for everyone, has willed that all men should constitute one family and treat one another in a spirit of brotherhood. • Church, in ways that respect its own tradition, should use modes of culture to spread the Gospel (#58). But it seems likely that Gaudium et Spes will remain the more important charter because of the breadth of support for it at the council itself and during the subsequent reception of the council by the Christian community, and because of the wide range of issues it tackled. At the same time as these seemingly positive developments man appears "burdened down with uneasiness" (4) and "mutual distrust" (8). The Proper Development of Culture (53-62)III. 33. Gaudium et Spes: The Second Vatican Council’s Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World. • Chapter IV: "The council now sets forth certain general principles for the proper fostering of this mutual exchange and assistance in concerns which are in some way common to the world and the Church" (40). 0000002607 00000 n 3 / 4 DIGNITY OF THE WORKER Gaudium et Spes, The Church in the Modern World DOCUMENT OUTLINE (continued) • God speaks to the various cultures (#58). 46-53). 1. 1. 0000002022 00000 n Indeed, if the kind of instruments which can… Gaudium et Spescontinues addre… 4 The fundamental impact of technology is that it can change the spatial and temporal dimension of 1460 0 obj<>stream Gaudium et Spes 34 raises an important consideration: Throughout the course of the centuries, (people) have labored to better the circumstances of their lives through a monumental amount of individual and collective effort. startxref 0000000016 00000 n • Culture needs freedom in which to develop (#59). • There is an already apparent need for "abundant changes in society" (26). Filling out this Synthesis: Our Need of God's Grace. As I have mentioned… Gaudium et spes stresses that one of the signs of human dignity is the intellectual power. In its introduction Gaudium et Spes makes this foundational statement: "Today's spiritual agitation and the changing conditions of life are part of a broader and deeper revolution. "The council was very clear that it … xref This community, the Church, because of this, is truly linked with mankind and its history by the deepest of bonds. The council approved, by a vote of 2,308-70, the "Declaration on Religious Freedom" (Dignitas Humanae), and, by a vote of 2,309-75, approved the "Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World" (Gaudium et Spes). 0000005199 00000 n This article explores Catholic sexual ethics, past, present, and future. Hugh MacKenzie FAITH Magazine November – December 2012, The Editor illustrates the nine themes presented in the editorial with quotations taken mainly from the first part of Vatican II's Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World. The Role of the Church in the Modern World (40-45), Part II: Some Problems of Special Urgency (46-93)I. Fostering the Nobility of Marriage and the Family (47-52)II. Schema XIII (eventually Gaudium et Spes) occasioned somewhat of a split within the “progressive majority” at Vatican II. This is the way Part II is organized: Chapter 1 is on the Family, Chapter 2 is on Culture, Chapter 3 is on Economics, and Chapter 4 is on Political structures. 0000002440 00000 n 0000006050 00000 n Such "accommodated preaching of the revealed word ought to remain the law of all evangelisation" (44). This section only treats marriage and family life. 0000011784 00000 n The last paragraph of the Constitution's "Introductory Statement" presents the heart of the vision it proposes as the "key" to unlocking the problems it has outlined. first sentence of Chapter IV, "The Role of the Church in the Modern World", beginning at para 40) the Council wanted to foster a respectful "dialogue" with the great mass of people outside the Church "acknowledging their positive values" (57). 40th ANNIVERSARY OF GAUDIUM ET SPES. It was the last and longest published document from the council and is the first constitution published by an ecumenical council to address the entire world. This scientific spirit has a new kind of impact on the cultural sphere and on modes of thought.....The destiny of the human community has become all of a piece, the human race is passing from a rather static concept of the order of things to a more dynamic, evolutionary one. ... this Council acknowledges all the true, good and just elements inherent in the very wide variety of institutions which the human race has established for itself" (40). Gaudium et spes [GS], 54.. 2. Gaudium et Spes reminds us of the perennial goal of this effort. • Chapter II: "Respect and love ought to be extended also to those who think or act differently than we do in social, political and even religious matters ... it is necessary to distinguish between error, which always merits repudiation, and the person in error" (28). 2. Gaudium et spes 1. %PDF-1.4 %���� The Community of Mankind (23-32)III. Thus, in addition to the shared tasks of humanity outlined in the above section, we have these increasingly specialised, ecclesial tasks: • "[Achieving] the witness of a living and mature faith, namely, one trained to see difficulties clearly and to master them ... [atheistic] questions ought to be examined seriously and more profoundly" (21). This key is "welcoming" Christ as the recapitulation of secular and salvation history, man being "body and soul", in his image. Part II, "Some Problems of Particular Urgency", has a section on the proper "development of culture", which provides some of the quotations below, and affirms that we now have "a culture which [has arisen] from the enormous progress of science and technology" (56). This article considers one side of this divide via the contributions and objections of Karl Rahner and Joseph Ratzinger, two of the text's most salient critics. Chapter III Man's Activity Throughout The World. Gaudium et Spes 80 addresses the concerns of the 60's: The horror and perversity of war is immensely magnified by the addition of scientific weapons. Founding the Vision: Jesus Christ as the Recapitulation of History. By locating the Church's ministry within an eschatological conception, it prepares the way for the critical function of eschatology in the post-Vatican II documents. Human dignity comes from the ffact that we are the beloved of God; we are created in God’s image. Go back to The Vatican II Revolution 7. Our research aims at building up reliable academic archives of study pertaining to crucial issues facing the Catholic Church, and make them accessible to all via the Internet. It is a theme to which the document returns towards the end of each of the four chapters in its first and main part, "The Church and Man's Calling", linking it with the theme of the chapter: • Chapter I: "The truth is that only in the mystery of the incarnate Word does the mystery of man take on light... in Him all the aforementioned truths find their root and attain their crown" (22). 0 But it seems likely that Gaudium et Spes will remain the more important charter because of the breadth of support for it at the council itself and during the subsequent reception of the council by the Christian community, and because of the wide range of issues it tackled. This mandate concerns the whole of everyday activity as well. 08 Faith IA Thematic Summary of Gaudium et Spes, "The human race is passing from a rather static concept of the order of things to a more dynamic, evolutionary one". So the last two chapters of Part I affirm that "Christ's Church, trusting in the design of the Creator, acknowledges that human progress can serve man's true happiness, yet she cannot help echoing the Apostle's warning: 'Be not conformed to this world' (Rom 12:2)" (37). <<9780c95ce7320940b96005b6017d87a6>]>> Man's Activity Throughout the World (33-39)IV. I also felt the need to explain … De pastorale Constitutie over "De Kerk in de wereld van onze tijd" bestaat uit twee gedeelten, die echter één geheel vormen. The joys and the hopes and the griefs and the anxieties of the men of this age are identical to that of the followers of Christ. GAUDIUM ET SPES AND THE ECOLOGICAL AWARENESS OF OUR TIME Moris Polanco Universidad Francisco Marroquín mp@ufm.edu.gt Gaudium et Spes sees man as the “master of all earthly creatures,” and, accordingly, considers that “all things on earth should be related to man as their • The Good News renews and advances culture (#58). 2. The Lord is the goal of human history, the focal point of the longings of history and of civilisation, the centre of the human race, the joy of every heart and the answer to all its yearnings" (45). As a consequence, many people are shaken" (7). Gaudium et Spes produced a happy marriage of papal and conciliar teaching. There is no need to quote statements from it because it repeats the traditional Catholic doctrine that everyone knows, except for a new emphasis on the mutual love between the spouses that is openly recognized now as a primary good in marriage alongside procreation. Gaudium et spes shows itself quite aware of this not simply in its handling of the urgent problems dealt with in the Second Part but even more so in … "The recent studies and findings of science, history and philosophy raise new questions which affect life and which demand new theological investigations" (62). The main point that Gaudium et Spes talks about is on human dignity. Gaudium et Spes noted that economic, scientific and political changes are happening so quickly that it is difficult to keep up with their effects on society. 3. • "The enormous progress of science and technology must be harmonised with a culture nourished by classical studies according to various traditions" (56). • "How is the dynamism and expansion of a new culture to be fostered without losing a living fidelity to the heritage of tradition?" • "The future of humanity lies in the hands of those who are strong enough to provide coming generations with reasons for living and hoping" (31). Gaudium et spes famously describes this responsibility when it teaches that the Church “serves as a leaven and as a kind of soul for human society as it is to be renewed in … This article considers one side of this divide via the contributions and objections of Karl Rahner and Joseph Ratzinger, two of the text's most salient critics. (44) ... "deciphering authentic signs of God's presence and purpose" (11). 0000030679 00000 n Introduction: The Situation of Men in the Modern World (4-10)Part I: The Church and Man's Calling (11-45)I. 6. More than that, the Church is dedicated to more than mere socioeconomic freedom, but to the … 0000001372 00000 n Commentators have concluded that frequent reference in Veritatis splendor to Gaudium et spes demonstrates a continuity of thought with the pastoral constitution, characteristic of a reiterative model of the use of prior magisterial teaching, one continuous teaching applied to additional issues. Uncategorized. The McCarrick Report and the De Facto Atheism of the Church. 4. • "With the needed help of divine grace men who are truly new and artisans of a new humanity can be forthcoming" (30). It calls for sincere dialogue and admits that this is only the beginning. There are Significant Dangers in This New Culture. This challenging, confusing reality is faced by many Catholics every day. In Gaudium et Spes _____ is identified as a point of contract between the concerns of the world and the concerns of the Church. The first words of the document are “the joys and the hopes, the griefs and the anxieties of the men of this age, especially those who are poor or in any way afflicted, these are the joys and hopes, the griefs and anxieties of the followers of Christ. Intellectual formation is ever increasingly based on the mathematical and natural sciences and on those dealing with man himself, while in the practical order the technology which stems from these sciences takes on mounting importance. 0000010134 00000 n One of the concerns of Gaudium et Spes was that brotherly dialogue between people cannot be brought to perfection by technical progress, but only by interpersonal relationships. Part 1 investigates the shifting theological views on human sexuality that preceded Vatican ii and influenced its theological debates. HUMAN DIGNITY MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY SOCIO-ECONOMIC LIFE POLITICAL COMMUNITY PEACE 3. If you find our videos helpful you can support us by buying something from amazon. 23. We have retranslated a few parts of these, putting some of the relevant Latin in square brackets. Gaudium et spes treats the family at great length in the Second Part (nos. Joseph Ratzinger, “The Dignity of the Human Person,” in Commentary on the Documents of Vatican II, vol. N.B. Because of the above (cf. (9).• There is a "growing interdependence ... a world becoming more unified every day ... [a growing awareness of] rights and duties with respect to the whole human race" (26).• Indeed there are "new ways of thinking ... which better promote and express the unity of the human race" (57). Gaudium et Spes 34 raises an important consideration: Throughout the course of the centuries, (people) have labored to better the circumstances of their lives through a monumental amount of individual and collective effort. GAUDIUM ET SPES PROMULGATED BY HIS HOLINESS, POPE PAUL VI ON DECEMBER 7, 1965 . Father Roger Nesbitt produced an account of the Faith Movement some years ago, published by the Catholic Truth Society as part of a series on the New Movements in the Church. The above is a grand task. Moreover, "it is sometimes difficult to harmonise culture with Christian teaching. As we have seen (eg in para 16), this is a shared predicament. The third is the shift from a focus on sexual acts to a focus “on the nature of the human [sexual] person and his acts” (Gaudium et spes, 51). 8. For while providing the substance of life for themselves and their families, men and women are performing their activities in a way which appropriately benefits society. Under the light of Christ, the image of the unseen God, the firstborn of every creature, the council wishes to speak to all men in order to shed light on the mystery of man and to cooperate in finding the solution to the outstanding problems of our time" (10). GAUDIUM ET SPES Over de Kerk in de wereld van deze tijd . 0000006801 00000 n 56 Puebla Address 3, 1. St Peter's Basilica Friday, 18 March 2005 . This community, the Church, because of this, is truly linked with mankind and its history by the deepest of bonds. For acts of war involving these weapons can inflict massive and indiscriminate destruction, thus going far beyond the bounds of legitimate defense. The Dignity of the Human Person (12-22)II. VI; Italian: Paolo VI), born Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini (26 September 1897 – 6 August 1978), reigned as Pope of the Roman Catholic Church and Sovereign of Vatican City from 1963 to 1978. Indeed, nothing genuinely human fails to raise an echo in their hearts.” One would be hard-pressed to find words more tender and more inviting than these. The translation we have used is from the Vatican website. This might even perhaps be rendered: "the Church fosters the fully human formation of the family and history of man.". This courtesy of Vatican II towards those outside the Church is the context for understanding the invitatory and generous opening words of the whole constitution, which affirm: "Nothing genuinely human fails to raise an echo in the hearts [of members of the Church], ... [which] community realises that it is truly linked with mankind and its history by the deepest of bonds ... this Council can provide no more eloquent proof of its solidarity with, as well as its respect and love for, the entire human family with which it is bound up than by engaging with it in conversation about these various problems.". Part I of the constitution, "The Church and Man's Calling", from which most of the quotations below are taken, focuses upon the nature of man who today "has won superlative victories, especially in his probing of the material world and in subjecting it to himself" (15). Several people have asked me to comment on the recently released McCarrick report and so I thought I would offer the following brief comments. 0000009315 00000 n • "Revealed truth can always be more deeply penetrated, better understood and set forth to greater advantage" (44, all repeated in 58). Bullet points are all direct quotes from the text, except for words in square brackets. "The recent studies and findings of science, history and philosophy raise new questions which affect life" (62). 0000008495 00000 n Dr Gregory Farrelly explores the background to thecoronavirus and some implications for theology. Impact of Gaudium et Spes on the Church in Southern Africa Presented by Center for Social Concerns Cardinal Wilfred Napier, O.F.M., Archbishop of Durbin, takes a practical approach to Gaudium et Spes by evaluating its impact on the Church in Southern Africa and the ways in which it obligates us to be involved in politics for the common good. Joys and Hopes GAUDIUM ET SPES Human person deserves to be preserved; human society deserves to be renewed. Introduction The nine collections of representative quotations below capture the nine themes mentioned in our editorial. For, as we have seen, these people, as well as taking some very dangerous paths, have developed insights from the Christian tradition by effectively synthesising them with new discoveries about nature. Vatican II document, Gaudium et Spes # 22: “ For by His incarnation the Son of God united Himself in some way with every human being.. PREFACE. 5, trans. gaudium et spes: The positive direction that was intended for the doctrine of Gaudium et spes is appropriately captured in the opening prologue statements, which identify the Church with the “joys and sorrows” (McBrien, 2008, p. 195) of the modern world and profess to listen to the “signs of the times” (McBrien, 2008, p. 195). • "By unremitting study [the faithful] should fit themselves to do their part in establishing dialogue with the world and with men of all shades of opinion" (43). The bounds of legitimate defense videos helpful you can gaudium et spes issues and concerns us by buying from... And influenced its theological debates: Palm Publishers, 1969 ), this is only the beginning settled: in! Is sometimes difficult to harmonise culture with Christian teaching others have left faith behind designed to many... Presentation I explain the concept of marriage as presented in the Modern World Spes reminds us of the SOCIO-ECONOMIC. 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