The group were later reported to be safe. Selon l'avis n° 21 du Bureau of Meteorology du 2 février à 21 h UTC+10, le système était centré à 110 km à l'est d'Innisfail et se déplaçait ouest-sud-ouest à 1 km/h, avec une pression centrale de 930 hectopascals[1]. but the grain size of the ridges is generally finer, which ap-pears to reflect, at least in some localities, the nature of the sediments being delivered to the coast by streams and the composition of the beaches. [27] After the system passed over the island, it became clear that the strong winds and storm surge had damaged the radar, key observing systems as well as communications, operational and life support infrastructure. [20][21] These strong winds delayed shipping schedules and affected students studying in Vaitupu and Fiji, and outer islands ran out of fresh supplies as a result of rough seas. However, their calls could not be acted upon as conditions were too dangerous for police to travel in. [56], Even one week after the flooding rains, areas that were affected had become completely isolated. Yasi showed signs of further intensification and at 4am on 2 February it was upgraded to a marginal Category 5 system. The storm passed between the two big cities of Cairns and Townsville which only suffered minor damage. [56] Hallett had a record rainfall amount of 98 mm (3.9 in). Merci pour la contribution. On February 2, 2011, Tropical Cyclone Yasi, the largest cyclone to cross the Australian coast and a system the size of Hurricane Katrina, threatened the city of Cairns. The cyclone was enormous with a total size of 500 kilometers wide and and a 100 kilometer wide eye of the storm. Tropical Cyclone Yasi moved across Vanuatu's northern Torba Province, with winds reaching up to 95 km/h (60 mph). It did not cause as much damage as government expected, as it missed major cities. [31] Thirty thousand people were evacuated from Cairns, including all patients from Cairns Base Hospital and Cairns Private Hospital who were airlifted by the Royal Australian Air Force and other agencies (such as the Royal Flying Doctor Service) to Brisbane. If you look at Hurricane Harvey that just fucked up Houston, it was significantly smaller than yasi (215kph vs 250kph sustained winds) but buildings were literally being blown apart The northern QLD population density vs the population density of the US east coast probably also contributes to that. Yasi is a girl's name and also the Fijian word for sandalwood. Category 5 Tropical Cyclone Yasi crossed the coast near Mission Beach at approximately 00:30 AEST on 3 February 2011 with estimated wind gusts up to 285 km/hr and maximum recorded wind speed up to 185 km/hr. Hours later, Yasi blew across the northern islands of Vanuatu, continuing to grow in intensity and size and prompting the evacuation of more than 30,000 residents in Queensland, Australia. [32][34], In Mission Beach near where Cyclone Yasi made landfall, wind gusts were estimated to have reached 290 km/h (180 mph), leaving behind much damage. [6] A record low pressure of 929 hPa (27.43 inHg) was measured as the eye passed over Tully. Cyclone Yasi: Queensland wakes to widespread devastation Thousands of residents in northern Queensland have awoken to scenes of devastation after a tropical cyclone the size … [53] In north-west Victoria, Mildura recorded the highest daily rainfall total on record, with 142 mm (5.6 in) and Lyndhurst, a suburb of Melbourne recorded 180 mm (7.1 in) of rain in the 24 hours falling up to 9am AEDT (22:00 UTC) on 5 February. [25], As Yasi moved into the Australian region meteorological data from the weather station on Willis Island was used to help monitor the system. Une onde de tempête de 5 mètres a été observée par le marégraphe du ministère de l'Environnement et de la gestion des ressources à Cardwell, ce qui est une surcote de 2,3 mètres au-dessus la plus haute marée astronomique. Elles ont été de l'ordre de 200 à 300 mm dans la zone entre Cairns et Ayr, provoquant des inondations. [47] On 3 February, total losses from the storm were estimated to reach A$3.5 billion (US$3.54 billion), this makes it the costliest cyclone to ever hit Australia (not accounting for inflation). Le système a ensuite poursuivi vers l'ouest-sud-ouest en faiblissant rapidement à cause de la friction et a fini sa vie dans le centre de l'Australie. The storm’s scale of destruction is as shocking as it is inevitable. Le système a un œil bien défini et une intensité de Dvorak de T6.5[1]. [45], The water-supply system had failed in Townsville and there was only 24 hours supply, while the water had run out at Magnetic Island in one day. Le système a ensuite poursuivi vers l'ouest-su… Category five Cyclone Yasi's size and power will dwarf Cyclone Tracy, the most devastating storm in Australian history, and could cause even more widespread destruction.. Des dégâts majeurs par le vent ont été signalés entre Innisfail et Townsville, là où le centre du cyclone a traversé la côte. James Woodford describes a night of fear under the raging storm in Queensland . Spectacle plus moins Nouvelles . Yasi maintained this intensity and its west-southwest movement, making landfall on the southern tropical coast near Mission Beach (138 km S of Cairns) (Figure 1) between midnight and 1am early on Thursday 3 February 2011. The main bloc of the cyclone is 500km wide, while its associated activity, shown above in a colour-coding to match intensity, stretches over 2000km. Many other homes not destroyed sustained severe facade and or roof damage. Although it moved rapidly, it was because of its very large size that winds that It was also noted that the system had altered the shape of the island and cleared most of its vegetation. Many windows are believed to have been broken as residents reported the sound of glass breaking throughout the night as the storm moved through. [35] A storm surge estimated to have reached 7 m (23 ft) destroyed several structures along the coast and pushed up to 300 m (980 ft) inland. The storm caused an estimated AU$3.5 billion (US$3.6 billion) in damage, making it the costliest tropical cyclone to hit Australia on record (not accounting for inflation; otherwise, Cyclone Tracy was costlier). Near sunrise on 3 February, there were no reports of fatalities or injuries in Mission Beach. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 25 avril 2019 à 11:38. [54], On 6 February, the BOM reported that Ex-Tropical Cyclone Yasi was 85 km (53 mi) north of Yulara[55] and that heavy rains continued in the Alice Springs area. Yasi was also indirectly responsible for the death of a 23-year-old man, who died from suffocation by generator exhaust fumes.[7][8]. Most of the beach had lost its sand and every structure was damaged to some degree. Il est issu d'une dépression tropicale formée près des Fidji et s'est graduellement intensifié pour atteindre la catégorie 5 de l'échelle australienne des cyclones (haut de la catégorie 5 de l'échelle de Saffir-Simpson) avant de toucher la côte près de Mission Beach au sud de Cairns. Tully et Cardwell ont ainsi subi des dommages importants aux structures et à la végétation lors du passage de l'œil sur l'île Dunk vers minuit le 2 février. It did however destroy 30% of the houses in Tully. [56] Damaging winds with gusts of more than 90 km/h hit Marla and Coober Pedy. The Bureau has compiled post tropical cyclone reports going back to 1970. Il est issu d'une dépression tropicale formée près des Fidji et s'est graduellement intensifié pour atteindre la catégorie 5 de l'échelle australienne des cyclones (haut de la catégorie 5 de l'échelle de Saffir-Simpson) avant de toucher la côte près de Mission Beach au sud de Cairns. [3][4], At about 12:00 AM AEST (14:00 UTC) on 3 February, Yasi crossed the Australian coastline as a Category 5 severe tropical cyclone near Mission Beach,[5] with estimated maximum 3-second gusts of 285 km/h spanning an area from Ingham to Cairns. With winds of up to 290km/h (181mph), Yasi is as powerful as Hurricane Katrina, which struck New Orleans in 2005, killing 1,800 people and causing $81bn (£50bn) of damage. [18], Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi directly impacted the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and parts of Australia, while parts of Fiji and Papua New Guniea were indirectly impacted. [32] The Queensland state emergency coordinator warned residents that they would be on their own for up to 24 hours, as the conditions would be too dangerous for emergency responders. Most of the automated surface observing systems and communications were subsequently restored and became operational, fifteen days after Yasi had passed over the island. [17] Later that day, the storm crossed 160°E, prompting the final advisory from the FMS and the first advisory from the Australian Bureau of Meteorology, as the system crossed into the Australian cyclone basin. Initial estimates stated that damage to sugar cane alone could reach A$505 million. As most of you know by now the state of Queensland in Australia has been ravaged by floods that covered an area twice the size of Texas. Tropical Cyclone Yasi was the biggest storm in Queensland's history, with more than 10,000 people moved from their homes. Tropical Cyclone Yasi formed north of Fiji on Sunday 30 January 2011 and was named by the Tropical Cyclone Warning Centre of the Fiji Meteorological Service. Evacuees were reportedly hammering boards at the bottom of doors to prevent water from further entering the structure. However, the radar and life-supporting systems took a bit longer to restore and were subsequently completed by the end of November, before staff returned to the island during December 2011. Severe Cyclone Yasi began as a westward-moving depression off Fiji that rapidly developed into a tropical storm before dawn on January 30, 2011. … Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi (/ˈjɑːsiː/) was a powerful and destructive tropical cyclone that made landfall in northern Queensland, Australia in early 2011, causing major damage to the affected areas. Damage to power lines left 150,000 homes without electricity. Read these to learn more about the impacts of individual cyclones [9] Little development took place over the following two days,[10] though it was classified as a tropical depression on 27 January. The deluge also continued in northern South Australia as vast areas continued to get rain. [46], Fears of total devastation to the banana and sugar cane crops arose as the storm struck land. Mayfair 101 also secured … [26][27] Yasi subsequently passed directly over the weather station during 2 February, where wind gusts of 185 km/h (115 mph) and a minimum pressure of 937.9 hPa (27.70 inHg) were recorded, before the meteorological equipment and communications failed. [22], During 30 January, Yasi became the second of three systems to directly impact Vanuatu in two months. Wind Damage . Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi directly impacted the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and parts of Australia, while parts of Fiji and Papua New Guniea were indirectly impacted. Previous cyclones of a comparable measured intensity include the 1899 cyclone Mahina in Princess Charlotte Bay, and the two cyclones of 1918 at Mackay (January) and Innisfail (March). Media outlets referred to the storm as "what could be the state's worst cyclone in history". Les plus grandes quantités de pluie sont tombés près et au sud du cyclone. [43], Numerous emergency calls were made by residents trapped in their homes near the height of the storm. 5 this document was commissioned. Elle se dirigeait vers l'ouest tout en s'intensifiant. [39] As daybreak came, reports from the town stated that about 90% of the structures along the main avenue sustained extensive damage. [5] Due to the size of the system and its strong core, Yasi maintained cyclonic intensity farther inland than normal, finally dissipating into a tropical low near Mount Isa, at 10 PM on 3 February 2011, 22 hours after the storm first crossed the coast. Five days later QPWS organised a helicopter flight from the Mundoo (Innisfail) airport to inspect the damage to the Departments; recreation infrastructure, inspect the extent of forest damage and identify locations suitable for cassowary food drops and feed stations. This article is more than 9 years old. Anthony crosses the coast, as Yasi looms larger. SEVERE WEATHER WARNING for Flash flooding for people in the Alice Springs District", Australian Bureau of Meteorology (TCWC's Perth, Darwin & Brisbane), Tropical Cyclone Yasi (Feb 2011) – snapshots of relevant webpages from 2011, Category 3 South Pacific severe tropical cyclones, Category 5 Australian region severe tropical cyclones, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cyclone_Yasi&oldid=994315806, Tropical cyclone articles with unknown units, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 02:20. Ceux-ci ont été produits par le vent et l'onde de tempête et fut le quatrième à frapper la région du Queensland au cours de la saison 2010/11. Il est l'un des plus importants cyclones jamais observés dans l'histoire de l'Australie et le plus coûteux à 3,6 millions $US pour les dommages. The day cyclone Yasi came to Townsville. Saison cyclonique 2010-2011 dans l'océan Pacifique sud, échelle australienne d'intensité des cyclones, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cyclone_Yasi&oldid=158735000, Cyclone tropical marquant selon l'Organisation météorologique mondiale, Pages avec des arguments non numériques dans formatnum, Portail:Sciences de la Terre et de l'Univers/Articles liés, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. L'œil est passé sur Mission Beach, peu avant minuit AEST puis au-dessus de Tully peu de temps après où la pression atmosphérique la plus basse de 929 hPa a été notée[1]. Le cyclone devrait revenir à un système de catégorie 3 à proximité de Georgetown, à 450 km à l'intérieur des terres et finalement redevenant une dépression tropicale près de la ville minière de Mount Isa[1]. Certains inondations importantes, mais beaucoup moins substantielles, sont survenues durant la marée haute en matinée du 3 février entre Cairns et Alva Beach, avec des pointes mesurées à Townsville à 0,6 m au-dessus de la normale, provoquant l'inondation dans certaines parties de la ville[1]. Updated January 31, 2011 14:40:00 Tropical Cyclone Anthony has whipped across the north Queensland coast. Reuters. The building was threatened by Yasi's storm surge which exceeded 3 m (9.8 ft). [52] Many of those who evacuated the devastated areas including emergency workers were stranded. An unknown number of homes were completely destroyed as intense winds, estimated at 209 km/h (130 mph), battered the area. The main bloc of the cyclone is 500km wide, while its associated activity, shown above in a colour-coding to match intensity, stretches over 2000km. The coastal communities in the direct path of TC Yasi – Tully, Mission Beach, Cardwell and Dunk Island suffered extensive … Appendix A: Raw data for observed impacts of Cyclone Yasi on trees in Townsville 108 Appendix B: Tree species considered likely to be resistant to impacts by tropical cyclones 114 Appendix C: Tree species considered likely to be sensitive to impacts by tropical cyclones 120 Appendix D: Cyclone damage behaviour of some commonly grown trees 124. Early estimates of damage put the cost at about AU$100 million. The ADF established Joint Task Force 664, based at Lavarack Barracks in Townsville and under the command of Brigadier Stuart Smith, for operational command on 2 February 2011. [2] The system had a well-defined eye and continued to track west-southwestward, maintaining a central pressure of 930 hPa (27 inHg) and a Dvorak intensity of T6.5 into the evening. Cyclone Yasi hit the Queensland Coast, in the Mission beach area on 3 February 2011 as a category 5 cyclone. [29], Because of its great size, many feared that the tropical cyclone could cause damage more severe than Cyclone Larry in 2006 or Cyclone Tracy, which severely damaged Darwin in 1974. [11] By 28 January, the depression was characterised as a poorly-developed low, with a broad area of rotating, flaring convection. The worst affected areas were around Tully, Tully Heads, Silkwood, Mission Beach, Innisfail and Cardwell. [24], The storm was several hundred kilometres southeast of Papua New Guinea, but the outer edges of the large system brought strong winds, high seas and heavy rain to the country. Un homme de 23 ans est mort par asphyxie des émanations d'une génératrice de secours utilisée dans un endroit clos à Bambaroo près d'Ingham[3]. [12] Considerable development took place on the following day, prompting the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) to issue a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert. [1] Late on 1 February, the cyclone strengthened to a Category 4 system; then, early on 2 February, the cyclone intensified into a Category 5 Severe Tropical Cyclone. Selected video footage from the ingham district as Yasi crosses the coast 100km to our north. [36] In the hours after the storm's passage, police could not venture beyond their station grounds as the situation had yet to be declared safe. But just as powerful is this comparison, showing this storm is continental in size. In September 2019 Mayfair 101, an Australian family-owned investment conglomerate led by James Mawhinney, purchased Dunk Island. Ahead of the system impacting the island, staff battened down the buildings and were evacuated off the island by a helicopter during 1 February. des rafales maximales sur 3 secondes estimées à 285 km/h, qui pourraient affecter une zone allant d'Ingham à Cairns selon la carte d'alerte pendant trois à quatre heures[1]. Yasi is one of the most powerful cyclones to have affected Queensland since records commenced. Le maximum a été enregistré à Sud Mission Beach avec 471 mm, Hawkins Creek avec 464 mm, Zattas avec 407 mm et Bulgun Creek le long des bassins versants des rivières Tully et Herbert avec 373 mm[1]. The BoM (2019) contends that the incidence and severity of cyclones are reduced during El Niño years, especially those crossing the coast of Queensland. Elle est devenue un cyclone tropical de catégorie 1 dans l'échelle australienne au nord de Vanuatu et fut nommée Yasi à 10 h locale le 30 janvier par le service météorologique des îles Fidji[1]. In the map above, the United States from Pennsylvania in the east to Nevada in the west, from Georgia in the … [48] By 5 February, A$2 billion (US$2.03 billion) was confirmed to have been lost in agriculture, mining and local government. Originating as a tropical low near Fiji on 26 January, the system intensified to tropical cyclone status during the evening of 30 January. From time to time we get … Le cyclone Yasi est un cyclone tropical ayant frappé le nord du Queensland, en Australie en janvier 2011. [33], Waves as high as 12 m (39.37 ft) were predicted to hit the north Queensland coast as the storm surge caused by Cyclone Yasi combined with a high tide of up to 7 m (23 ft) above average. WHEN cyclone Yasi transformed the Port Hinchinbrook marina into a wrecking yard for yachts, it did more to undermine the controversial resort than decades of campaigning by environment groups. 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